present indefinite tense

Present Indefinite Tense

When to use Present Indefinite Tense

we use simple present or present simple tense

  • when we talk about a situation that is permanent
  • when we talk about scientific facts
  • when we talk about universal truth
  • when we talk routines and habits

Structures of simple present tense

simple present

subject + V1+s/es+object

Subject: subject can be a noun or a pronoun that we talk about in a sentence, or we can say that the one who does something in a sentence is the subject.

Singular subjects: He, She, It, and any singular noun (Ram, apple, dog, etc.)

Plural subjects: I, We, You, and They or plural noun (boys, cows, apples, etc.)

Example: He plays well.

               Mohan speaks English well.

               Rohan and Ragini are good friends.

Verb: actions that humans and animals perform are referred to as verbs, action verbs, or main verbs.

Objects: if you want to find out an object in a sentence just ask the question “what” regarding the verb if you get the answer to the question “what” it means you have an object in that sentence.

Example:             He eats mangoes.           

                              Ram sells vegetables.

we can ask the question what does he eat? and the answer is mangoes in the same way, we can ask what does Ram sell? and the answer is vegetables.

Negative in simple present tense

subject + do/does(H.V.) + not + V1 + object

We use do when the subject is plural and we use does when the subject is singular.

Examples :

  • He does not like mangoes.
  • My family members do not come to meet me.
  • She does not go to school.
  • Ram and Manohar do not like each other.
  • We do not hate them
  •  Ritu does not go to the gym every day.

Interrogative (1)

do/does(H.V.) + subject + V1 + object + ?

we use interrogative first when we expect an answer either in yes or no and any interrogative first always begins with the helping verb always.

Examples:

  • Does he finish his homework on time?
  • Does your father teach you?
  •  Do you know me?
  •  Does he come to meet his grandparents?
  • Does it rain here regularly?
  • Do Ram and Seeta go to school daily?
  • Does your brother know me?

Interrogative (II)

Question word + do/does(H.V.) +subject + V1 + object + ?

we use interrogative second when we want to know the time, reason, place, and manner.

Examples:

  • How do you know me?
  • What do you want?
  • When does your brother come here?
  • When does Ram wake up in the morning?
  • Where do you stay?
  • How many hours do you study daily?
  • Why does he go to the library?

Interrogative (I) + Negative

Do/does + subject + not +V1 + object?

Examples:

  • Does he not work in a newspaper agency?
  • Do you not like your subjects?
  • Does she not read the newspaper daily?
  • Do you not reply to her messages?
  • Does Rohan not know how to operate a computer?
  • Do we not practice daily?
  • Does he not type correctly?

Interrogative (II) + Negative

Question word + Do/Does(H.V.) + Subject + not + V1 + object +?

Examples:

  • Why does he not go there?
  • When do you not have coffee?
  • Where does he not go for lunch?
  • How does she not know you?
  • What do you not know about me?

We use present indefinite or present simple tense

To talk about universal truth

Examples :

  • The sun rises in the east.
  • Honesty is the best policy.
  • Man is moral.
  • Two and two make four.

To talk about routines and habits

  • My friends always wake up early in the morning.
  • Mohan goes to school daily
  • Radha attends her online class at 5 pm.
  • He often eats chocolates after dinner.
  • I always play badminton in free time.

To talk about a situation that is permanent

  • I live in Mumbai
  • My father works for a bank.

Words that we often use with simple present tense are : always, hardly, barely, often, never, sometimes, seldom ect.

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